ACCORDING TO THE LEGAL PROVISIONS (LAW 211/2011, ART. 12):
- In order to prevent, reuse, recycle and otherwise recover waste, the central public authority for environmental protection shall promote or, where appropriate, propose legislative or non-legislative measures by which the producer of the product, authorized natural person or legal entity who/which, on a professional basis, designs, manufactures, processes, treats, sells or imports products is subject to an extended producer’s liability regime.
a) encouraging the adoption, from the design phase undergone by the products, of solutions that reduce the impact on the environment and the generation of waste during the manufacturing process and throughout the use of the products and that ensure compliance with the provisions of Art. 4 para. (1) – (3), when they become waste;
b) encouraging the production and marketing of products with multiple uses, technically sustainable and which, once they become waste, can be properly recovered and whose disposal is compatible with the principles of environmental protection;
c) accepting returned products and waste resulting after the products are no longer used and ensuring their subsequent management without causing prejudices to the environment or the health of the population, as well as undertaking financial responsibility;
d) making available to the public the existing information on the reusability and recyclability of products.
- For the extended responsibility of the producer to be applied, the technical feasibility and economic viability, the overall effects on the environment and the health of the population, as well as the social impact shall be taken into account, in compliance with the need to ensure the proper functioning of the domestic market.
- The extended responsibility of the producers is applied without prejudice to the responsibilities provided in Art. 22 para. (1) and Art. 23 and specific laws on flows of waste and the product laws.
The Extended Producer Responsibility Mechanism (EPR) and the circular economy are two concepts that come with a radical change in the way producers approach the issues related to the waste electrical and electronic equipment industry: from the design of a new product, to the selection of materials that are used to facilitate their recycling and up to the way they are placed on the market, and afterwards collected for recycling.