EEE – equipment that is dependent on electric currents or electromagnetic fields to function properly and equipment for generating, transferring and measuring these currents and fields, designed for use at a rated voltage of maximum 1,000 volts. , for alternating current, and 1,500 volts, for direct current.
1. Temperature exchange equipment
Refrigerators, Freezers, Equipment which automatically delivers cold products, Air conditioning equipment, Dehumidifying equipment, Heat pumps, Radiators containing oil and other temperature exchange equipment using fluids other than water for the temperature exchange.
2. Screens, monitors, and equipment containing screens having a surface greater than 100 cm2
Screens, Televisions, LCD photo frames, Monitors, Laptops, Notebooks.
Straight fluorescent lamps, Compact fluorescent lamps, Fluorescent lamps, High intensity discharge lamps – including pressure sodium lamps and metal halide lamps, Low pressure sodium lamps, LED.
4. Large equipment
Washing machines, Clothes dryers, Dish washing machines, Cookers, Electric stoves, Electric hot plates, Luminaires, Equipment reproducing sound or images, Musical equipment (excluding pipe organs installed in churches), Appliances for knitting and weaving, Large computer-mainframes, Large printing machines, Copying equipment, Large coin slot machines, Large medical devices, Large monitoring and control instruments, Large appliances which automatically deliver products and money, Photovoltaic panels.
5. Small equipment
Vacuum cleaners, Carpet sweepers, Appliances for sewing, Luminaires, Microwaves, Ventilation equipment, Irons, Toasters, Electric knives, Electric kettles, Clocks and Watches, Electric shavers, Scales, Appliances for hair and body care, Calculators, Radio sets, Video cameras, Video recorders, Hi-fi equipment, Musical instruments, Equipment reproducing sound or images, Electrical and electronic toys, Sports equipment, Computers for biking, diving, running, rowing, etc., Smoke detectors, Heating regulators, Thermostats, Small Electrical and electronic tools, Small medical devices, Small Monitoring and control instruments, Small Appliances which automatically deliver products, Small equipment with integrated photovoltaic panels.
6. Small IT and telecommunication equipment (no external dimension more than 50 cm)
Mobile phones, GPS, Pocket calculators, Routers, Personal computers, Printers, Telephones.
Any is any natural person or legal entity who, regardless of the sales technique used, including remote communication, as defined in the Government Emergency Ordinance No. 34/2014:
- is based in Romania and manufactures EEE under its own name or trademark or whose EEE are designed or manufactured and marketed under its own name or trademark, on the Romanian territory
- is based in Romania and resells on the Romanian territory under its own name or trademark equipment produced by other suppliers, a reseller not being considered a “producer” when the producer’s trademark appears on the equipment
- is based in Romania and places on the domestic market, on a professional basis, EEE from a third country or from another European Union Member State; or
- sells EEE through means of remote communication directly to private households or to users outside private households, in Romania and is based in another Member State or in a third country
Any natural person or legal entity in the supply chain, who makes an EEE available on the market.
Any type of supply of a product intended to distribution, consumption or use on the national market throughout a commercial activity, either in exchange for payment or free of charge. Placing on the market involves the act of making a product professionally available for the first time on the national market.
WEEE from products placed on the market prior to January 1st, 2007.
A system whereby, when purchasing an EEE, an equivalent WEEE, performing the same functions as the equipment provided is taken over.
For the period 2017 – 2020, the minimum collection rate is 45%, and from 2021 the minimum annual collection rate will become 65%.
Selective collection and recycling of WEEE is necessary in particular because of the harmful nature thereof. Within the European Union alone, 12 million tons of WEEE are generated annually.
EEE waste contains numerous toxic elements that endanger human health and the environment:
- heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Pb), which pollute water and soil
- toxic gases (Freon) which, when in the air have harmful
- non-biodegradable materials (plastic, glass, metals), which can be disposed of cleanly only by treatment according to environmental standards
By recycling responsibly, the ozone layer is protected and the impact of global warming is reduced, thus reducing the risks on health and last but not least, precious and rare metals such as gold, silver, platinum, beryllium or gallium can be recovered and reused.
WEEE has a high degree of recycling of up to 90%. Used EEE should be separated from other waste and collected in special containers for treatment and recycling. Selective collection containers, automated selective collection devices in shopping malls, or mobile solutions for collection directly from home can be used.